RETIRED ›
This product is no longer available and has been replaced by: CLARIVUE10. Some accessories, replacement parts, or services may still be available.
OBS-3+ Turbidity Sensor
Services Available
Repair Yes
Free Support Yes

Overview

The OBS-3+ is a submersible turbidity probe that has sideways-facing optics. It uses OBS technology to measure suspended solids and turbidity for applications ranging from water quality in freshwater rivers and streams to sediment transport and dredge monitoring. Campbell Scientific data loggers measure the OBS-3+ probe's output and calculate turbidity.

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Benefits and Features

  • Sideways facing optics avoid obstructions above and below the probe
  • Measures suspended solids and turbidity for up to 4000 NTUs
  • Provides a compact, low-power probe that is field proven
  • Compatible with most Campbell Scientific data loggers
  • Accurate and rugged
  • Stainless-steel body allows use down to 500 m in fresh water
  • Titanium body allows use down to 1500 m in fresh or salt water
  • Fitted with MCBH-5-FS, wet-pluggable connector—multiple mating cable length options available
  • Offers an optional five-point sedimentation calibration for better measurements (see Ordering Info on the web page)

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Detailed Description

The OBS-3+ uses its sideways-facing optics to emit a near-infrared light into the water. It then measures the light that bounces back from the water’s suspended particles.

If an obstruction is in the emitted light’s range, the light will scatter back and the turbidity reading will be too high. This probe's sideways-facing optics avoids obstructions above and below the probe. The OBS300 is available for locations that have obstructions around the sides of the probe.

OBS® is a registered trademark of Campbell Scientific.

Specifications

Range
  • 0 to 250 NTU
  • 0 to 500 NTU
  • 0 to 1000 NTU
  • 0 to 3000 NTU
  • 0 to 4000 NTU
Maximum Submersion Depth
  • 500 m (1640.5 ft) for stainless-steel body
  • 1500 m (4921.5 ft ) for titanium body
Concentration Accuracy
  • 2% of reading or 1 mg/l (whichever is larger) for mud
  • 4% of reading or 10 mg/l (whichever is larger) for sand
Maximum Concentration Range
  • Maximum concentration depends on sediment size, particle shape, and reflectivity.
  • 5,000 to 10,000 mg/l (for mud)
  • 50,000 to 100,000 mg/l (for sand)
Operating Temperature Range 0° to 40°C
Drift over Time < 2% per year
Maximum Data Rate 10 Hz
Minimum Warm-up Time 2 s
Infrared Wavelength 850 nm ±5 nm
Daylight Rejection -28 dB (re: 48 mW/cm-2)
Optical Power 2000 µW
Turbidity Accuracy 2% of reading or 0.5 NTU (whichever is larger)
Housing Material 316 stainless steel or titanium
Connector MCBH-5-FS, wet-pluggable
Diameter 2.5 cm (0.98 in.)
Height 14.7 cm (5.79 in.)
Weight 181.4 g (0.4 lb)

-2.5 Output Option

Output Voltage 0 to 2.5 V (over selected NTU range)
Supply Voltage 5 to 15 Vdc
Current Drain 15 mA

-5 Output Option

Output Voltage 0 to 5 V (over selected NTU range)
Supply Voltage 5 to 15 Vdc
Current Drain 15 mA

-20 Output Option

Output Voltage 4 to 20 mA (over selected NTU range)
Supply Voltage 9 to 15 Vdc
Current Drain 45 mA

Compatibility

Please note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible products.

Dataloggers

Product Compatible Note
21X (retired)
CR10 (retired)
CR1000 (retired)
CR1000 (retired)
CR1000 (retired)
CR10X (retired)
CR200X (retired)
CR206X (retired)
CR211X (retired)
CR216X (retired)
CR23X (retired)
CR295X (retired)
CR300
CR3000 (retired)
CR3000 (retired)
CR310
CR500 (retired)
CR5000 (retired)
CR510 (retired)
CR6
CR800
CR850
CR9000 (retired)
CR9000X (retired)

Frequently Asked Questions

Number of FAQs related to OBS-3+: 14

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  1. The most significant difference between backscatter and side-scatter measurements is the sample volume. A backscatter sensor has a much larger sample volume that helps measure higher turbidity values. The smaller sample volume of side-scatter sensors works better at lower turbidities.

  2. It used to be that NTUs were the unit for all turbidity sensors. In 2007, an ASTM committee formed and established different units for each category of turbidity sensor technology, and there are many. Backscatter sensors such as the OBS-3+ and the OBS501 have units of FBU (Formazin Backscatter Units), whereas ISO 7027 side-scatter sensors have units of FNU (Formazin Nephelometric Units). The side-scatter OBS501 and the ClariVUE™ sensors are part of this category. While sensors of different technical designs can be calibrated and measure Formazin the same, they will not make the same measurement in natural waters where size, shape, color, reflectivity, etc., of the particles vary. The ClariVUE™ sensor measurements will not match the OBS-3+ measurements in natural waters.

  3. This application note shows sample calibrations for sand, silt, and clay.

  4. Read this application note to learn about SSC turbidity relationships.

  5. This application note contains information regarding biological and chemical fouling.

  6. This application note provides an introduction to light absorption, scattering, and attenuation, as well as other optical properties that affect OBS sensors.

  7. Read this application note to learn more about the effect of drying and grinding sediment for calibration.

  8. This application note provides a description of infrared-emitting diodes, laser diodes, photodiodes, daylight filters, and operating spectra.

  9. This application note provides general information about sediment sensors, light sources and detectors, optical designs, applications, and turbidity standards.

  10. This application note includes a discussion of formazin and SVDB-microsphere turbidity standards.


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